When it comes to gardening, you need to do a lot more than just dig a hole and place a plant or seed in it. Plants need many types of nutrients to grow, and many soils are nutrient deficient. One way to help your garden grow when you are dealing with nutrient-deficient soil is to use a fertilizer high in nutrients. The main nutrients that plants need to thrive include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Continue reading to learn more about how these nutrients affect the plants in your garden:
Most people believe that nitrogen is the most important nutrient for plants. When looking for a quality fertilizer, you want to buy one that contains high levels of nitrogen. This nutrient is essential to plant growth and also plays a role in how nutritious fruits and vegetables are after they are harvested. Nitrogen gives plants the ability to form protein,and plant protein makes up most of the tissue of a living plant. Plants that are nitrogen deficient may have discolored leaves (often yellow or brown),
Phosphorus is responsible for assisting a plant in storing and using energy, and this nutrient plays a vital role in photosynthesis. Without proper phosphorus levels in the soil, a plant will not be able to develop or grow properly. A plant that is not getting enough phosphorus will often have leaves that are limp and droopy.
Potassium is another very important nutrient that is typically found in fertilizer that you can buy at a garden center or nursery. This nutrient gives plants strength and helps them resist common diseases. The right levels of potassium in the soil are very important in cold or dry weather, as the nutrient helps protect the plant when weather conditions are bad. Potassium also plays an important role under the ground, as it helps a plant's root system grow.
If you're serious about planting a garden in your yard, it is a good idea to take a soil sample to your local nursery to have it analyzed. After you get the results, a nursery employee will be able to see which nutrients your soil is lacking and help you choose the best fertilizer to meet the needs of your new garden. It is important to carefully follow the directions that come with the fertilizer-- some people tend to over-fertilize their gardens, which can actually do more harm than good.